The body of a human being needs a lot of preparation before it is subjected to any task. Preparation is important in the sense that it helps the body to develop a mechanism of getting rid of excess lactic acid that causes tiring of the muslces. This scenario is applicable to sports training. In sports training, there are so many principle of conducting a physical exercise but our main point of focus will base on eight principles.
Here are the selected key principles of sports training for effective body exercise.
Eight key Training Principles and Methods for sports
The first principle is known as the balance principle. Here, the training and best exercise should take into consideration the kind of training proportions that are sufficient for training. For instance, group training should consider the minimum level of training to different individuals. This is because different individuals have different levels of standing training manuals. Therefore, a right proportion of training should neither be underdone or overdone to give room for smooth subsequent training.
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Secondly, there is the principle of individualization. The principle of individualization base on different factors of the human body as presented by nature. These characteristics include age, gender, prior experience and the rate through which an individual progress form on level to another. With all these characteristics in mind, a trainer will be able to give a right proportion of exercise and training to his or her trainee to avoid any overload.
Thirdly, we have the overload principle. The principle is applied to introduce a desired set of physic. Here, different individuals work hard to achieve a certain characteristic that is vital for increased competence in certain sports. For instance, a football player with the desire of increasing his or her upper weight will continually involve in the lifting of weights until they achieve the desired weight.
The fourth principle of sports training of recovery. This principle is so much important, especially for the athletes. This principle is majorly biological and is related to hemostasis and BMR(Body metabolic rate). During the rest period, all the individuals being involved in different kinds of sports need to actively participate in exercises such as jogging to reduce the effect of lactic acid in the muscles. As its know, over-accumulation of lactic acid may lead to muscle cramps, therefore, interfering with the subsequent game. To avoid this, immediately before a game starts, players and other participants in different kinds of sports warm up to reduce lactic acid accumulation in the muscles.
Another key principle is the principle of reversibility, as the saying goes, “practice makes perfect” it is necessary for all participants to involve in regular exercise. Without regular exercise, there is no way an individual will perfect on his or her skills.
Basing on the principle of specificity, training should be done in accordance with the needs of a kind of sport. For instance, training athletes should be done in accordance with the needs of increasing competence for the athletes. This can be tiring, muscle stretching, finishing the race, starting the race among many other things.
The principle of transfer is another vital principle, this principle is related to the transfer of learning as suggested by Edward Thorndike and Robert S. Woodworth. These two psychologists explain the transfer of learning as the ability to apply the learned skills in a new xontext. Appropriate transfer of this principle is vital because it helps to save time during sports training if the participants can easily incorporate them.
Lastly, we have variation principles of sports training. There are different ways in which this principle may apply, for instance, time and trophy may be variants. The aim of varying different factors such as training time is to achieve better end results after the whole process. Variation of the trophy may lead to hard training since it is a form of reinforcement. The participants will train hard to beat their competitors so as to win a new trophy. Therefore variation of a trophy can provide a variable ration or reinforcement and therefore increasing the levels of training between different competitors.
All the above principles are vital. They act a straining regulators for a better end result. Otherwise, training could have been so tiresome with no target of achievement.